This paper examines the electricity industry policy of the Government-General of Joseon and the movement of companies in the electricity industry during the 1910’s and the 1920’s. The Government-General of Joseon implemented the license system about establishment and management of electric company and overall price of electricity by Jeongi Saeop Chuiche Gyuchik[electricity business regulation rule]. The Government-General of Joseon regulated the electricity industry by administrative guidance without the enactment of Joseon Jeongi Saeopryeong[Joseon Electric Business Act]. The Government-General of Joseon had guaranteed the local monopoly of electric companies by the principle that a single region is one electric company. The electric companies with the local monopoly earned high return during 1920’s thanks to rapid increase of demand of electric lamps and electric power. But general industrial capitalists expressed dissatisfaction over the electric companies for higher price of electricity, lack of electric facilities, frequent blackout and unkind service. They commenced the movement of reducement of overall price of electricity and municipalization movement. The Government-General of Joseon must settle this conflict. The GovernmentGeneral of Joseon induced electric companies to reduce overall price of electricity, and guaranteed the local monopoly of electric companies. Ultimately the Government-General of Joseon made plan of hydroelectric power plants for reducement of overall price of electricity. Against this backdrop, the Government-General of Joseon needed to enact Joseon Jeongi Saeopryeong[Joseon Electric Business Act] and establish the electricity control policy.
2. 1910년대 전력산업의 감독제도 정비와 전력업계의 동향
3. 1920년대 수력발전소 건설과 電力統制政策의 필요성 대두