상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
커버이미지 없음
KCI등재 학술저널

澁澤榮一 자본의 朝鮮興業株式會社 설립과 경영실태

A STUDY ON THE CHOSUN PROMOTION OF INDUSTRY CO., LTD.(1904~1945) - The Structure of Organization and The Board of Directors

  • 1

This study analyzes Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd.(朝鮮興業株式會社) of the Sab-Taek(澁澤) financial combine which was the representative case of Farm Management of Agriculture of the Large Japanese Landowners under the Japanese Rule in Korea. Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd.(朝鮮興業) which was one of the first rank company in Sab-Taek Yong Il(澁澤榮一) belong to Japanese bank circles contributed greatly to development of Japanese capitalistic. Also, it was the typical case that showed it had an interest in Japan to realize its own interest. So, Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. was consistently supported by public power of Japan since it was founded, and it could make an excess of colonial profits because it had the reciprocal relationship with Japan, carrying out faithfully Korean agriculture policy of Japan and providing monetary aid in return. Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. established the huge farms that had more than seventeen thousand Jung Bo(町步) - a kind of land measure unitacross Korea, and had about sixteen thousands and five hundred tenants that belonged to it since 1904. Also, it made high-rate profits because it supported the policy and the monetary policy of colonial power, and cooperated with Japan in the agriculture policy by exploiting Korean labor until 1945. It means that Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. was the largest landowner company as a individual landowner except Dong Yang Chuck Sik Co., Ltd.(東洋拓植株式會社) which was a national policy corporation in agriculture and occupied over 80% of economic production power in Korea. Previous studies on the Large Japanese Landowners under the Japanese Rule in Colonial Chosun(including agriculture company) were mainly done by Japanese researchers. The basic aims of these studies focused on the region, the amount of money, and the feature of the Large Japanese Landowners’ money in Korea, and the position of the Large Japanese Landowners in the landowners system. These studies, however, conducted on the point of view of not the colonial features of the Large Japanese Landowners but the part of the Japanese history. The feature and the scale of the Large Japanese Landowners’ money were reflected in the scale and method of dealing in land and the price of land, and irrigation association concerned, and so on. There were, however, no differences to Korea, because they were, in fact, in collusive relation with authoritarian structure, and participated actively in all sorts of exploitative colonial agriculture policy. This study verified the reciprocal relationship between Japanese holding company and Japan s public power, exploitative colonial agriculture management, the distribution of an excess of colonial profits, semi-feudalistic structure toward Korean tenant farmers, and miserable economic states of Korean tenant farmers, through the case study of Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. during the colonial period. On the basis of the study, semi-feudalistic and colonial features on Korean agriculture management of Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. are the following. First of all, Chosun Promotion of Industry Co., Ltd. wrest agriculture from Korea earlier than any other the Large Japanese Landowners. It was a front-runner in a large scale of capital, a period of agriculture company, a process of Japan advanced into Korea, so it paved the way for the basis of plundering agriculture and lands of Korea. Especially, it continued and strengthened illegality and violence on the process of plundering lands within the close relationship with Japanese public power, making the reciprocal relationship with colonial agriculture policy of Japan during the colonial period.

1. 머리말

2. 澁澤자본의 조선흥업주식회사 설립

3. 조선흥업주식회사의 사업 확장

4. 지점별 경영구조 및 특징

5. 맺음말

참고문헌

로딩중