The effects of NaCl salinity on the leaf photosynthesis and water relation of two cultivars of rice(Oryza sativa L.) , the salt-tolerant cultivar Seohae and the salt-senstive cultivar Iri-380 were exam-ined. Two cultivars of rice were grown for 14 days in nutrient solution at SOmM NaCl. Comparing theieaf Na content of two cultlvars, Seohae showed high accumulation of Na content in the leaf blade, while Iri-380 showed low. The Na content in leaf blade reduced the rate of leaf photosynthesis. Salt-tolerant cultivar Seohae was less decreased the rate of leaf photosynthesis than salt- sensitive cultivarIri-380. And Seohae showed larger decreased the osmotic potential in the leaves than Iri-380. This in-dicates that in the salt-tolerant cultivar, osmotic adjustment is developed under saliniEation.