Isolation and Identification of Antagonistic Bacteria for Biological Control of Ginger Rhizome Rot Caused by Pythium zingiberum
- Du-Ku Lee Jai-Sung Shim Hyeong-Kwon Shim Yong-Hoon Lee Wang-Hyu Lee
- Plant Resources
- Vol.2 No.2
- 81 - 87 (7 pages)
Sixteen isolates showing relatively strong antagonicity against the ginger rhizome rot pathogen, Pythium zingiberum, were selected among the 155 isolates from ginger rhizome surfaces and rhizospheres of ginger cultivation fields in Wanju, Chonbuk. The isolate, ‘HB 26-5 showing the strongest antagonicity was finally selected by testing duration of inhibition effect and pathogenicity to ginger. The isolated antagonistic microorganism, HB 26-5 , was rod shape, gram positive and formed endospore. The isolate produced acids utilizing glucose, arabinose, xylose and mannitol, and acetoin at VP test, and grew anaerobically. Temperature range for growth was from 10 to 400. Reaction to catalase and gelatin, hydrolysis were positive, and casein hydrolysis and indol production were negative. Based on the mycological characters and the fatty acid composition, it was identified as Bacillus polymyxa. The pathogenicity test of isolated Bacillus polymyxa HB 26-5 on 22 crop cultivars resulted that only the lettuce was influenced in germination, and the others were not affected.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION