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KCI등재 학술저널

가격에 대한 시각의 역사적 변화 고찰

Historical Changes in Perspectives of Prices from the Viewpoints of Neoclassical Economics

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The price itself has always been in the markets for centuries. However, the perspectives of what price is and how price is determined have been changed for hundreds of years to date. Adam Smith raised the question of the difference in price of water and diamond by introducing the concepts of value in use and value in exchange. David Ricardo explained the difference in price by the difference in labor needed to produce each product. This kind of perspective of price, however, has changed fundamentally when the Marginal Revolution took place in the 19th century. The Marginal Revolution has brought two new concepts to economics: marginality and utility. The average in economics has been soon replaced with the marginality and the introduction of utility has provided the theoretical background of demand by stressing on human desire in price. Alfred Marshall has also applied the marginality to production and completed the two blades of scissors, that is, demand and supply of market. The contribution of Keynes to the perspectives of price is that under some circumstances price cannot operate appropriately, in particular by showing that the downward rigidity in nominal wage in labor market took place in recession. The behavioral economists joined the mainstream of economics by casting doubts to the rationality assumption of consumers. However, they have not succeeded in providing a new perspective of price because price cannot be derived if the rationality in preference is not assumed. This paper is designed to review the perspectives of price by economists and to show that the current perspectives are not invariable, so the interpretations and roles of price can be changed at any time.

Ⅰ. 서 론

Ⅱ. 경제학자들의 시각 변화

Ⅲ. 결론 및 시사점

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