옥타비아 버틀러의 『어린 새』(Fledgling)에 나타난 인종혐오와 아브젝트-되기
Racial Hatred and Becoming-Abject in Fledgling
- 김경옥(Kyungok Kim)
- 영미어문학 제140호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 1 - 19 (19 pages)
This paper examines the sexual and racial other depicted in Octavia Butler’s Fledgling. The protagonist of the story is Shori, a non-traditional vampire figure. The novel begins with Shori injured and suffering from amnesia. She discovers that her family used a black woman’s DNA to genetically reengineer her as part vampire and part human. As a black interspecies subject, Shori symbolizes the potential subversion of dominant ideology. Shori and her family are attacked by someone, and she is rejected as foreign and denied minority status among a group of white vampires. Other Ina vampires oppose her mixed-blood status. Mainstream vampire groups try to maintain perfect unity by rejecting the otherness in order to preserve their collective identifications and identities. Shori is recreated as an abject being and abandoned outside the border. By comparing a vampire to a hateful other in this narrative, Butler analogizes the history of racism in America and talks about the strong differences and boundaries that still exist. Eventually, Shori establishes her own identity and creates a new vampire history and culture.