The Supreme Court of the United States is different from that of Korea in many aspects, especially in that the U.S. Supreme Court(like other federal courts) has the power to review constitutionality of the acts of Congress and it has the full control of its docket using the device of a writ of certiorari. This Article is intended to provide a better understanding of the U.S. Supreme Court. In this article, I introduce the summary historical developments of the Court and its jurisdiction: original and appellate. I illustrate how cases reach the Court and how it selects the small portion of those cases that it will hear. Traditionally, the Court has granted the petition for a writ of certiorari in only a tiny proportion of cases, rejecting 99% of them at its discretion. I examine the factors that influence the choices of the cases to review on the merits. I deal with oral argument, decision-making and opinion writing in the Court, focusing on the interplays of the justices and the special role of the law clerk in decision-making. Finally, I look at the discussion - once hot, now stilled - of the judicial reform to reduce the Court’s workload.
Ⅲ. 사법심사를 위한 기록송부명령 제도(writ of certiorari)
Ⅴ. 연방대법원의 의사결정 과정
Ⅵ. 심급제도의 개혁에 관한 논의