The general rule in the Korean civil procedure system is that the unsuccessful party to a court action will be ordered to pay the costs of the successful party; in other words, whoever loses the case is required to pay its own costs and the costs of the other side. The situation contrasts with that in the U.S. where legal fees may be sought only if the parties agree by contract before the litigation, or if some special act or statute allows the successful party to seek such fees, the American rule. Unlike the American Rule of Costs, Korean law generally requires the loser to reimburse the winner for court costs and attorney fees up to the statutory limit. It is sometimes pointed out that litigation cost hinders access to justice by increasing the risks of litigation, both by setting up the risk of having to pay both parties’ costs in the event of losing. This paper reviews the rules and principles governing the costs of civil litigation and makes recommendations in order to promote access to justice at proportionate cost.
Ⅱ. 소송비용 관련 법령을 체계적으로 정비하는 방안
Ⅲ. 소장의 인지대 정비 방안
Ⅳ. 인지대와 송달료가 분리된 비용 체계의 정비 방안
Ⅴ. 증거조사비용의 산정 기준 내지는 산정 방식의 간소화 방안