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KCI등재 학술저널

中國 民事執行節次 개관

개정 민사소송법을 중심으로

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Since China enacted the Law of Civil Procedure in 1982 to support their Reform and Open Policy, there has been harsh and endless complaints argueing its inefficiency, especially surrounding Judgment Enforcement Procedure. The Judgment Debtors try to elude their obligations employing various means and they even intimidate the Debt Collectors from enforcing the Judgments making the Judgments futile wastepapers. Such phenomenon is called “enforcement embarrassment”. The cause of this hardship is multifarious. Scholars point out the undue regional egoism of the officers, lack of legal consciousness of the people, insufficiency of the penalties, enforcement-neglecting trends of the courts and the insufficient capacity to cover the enforcement procedures. Over two decades, chinese scholars and lawyers consistently pressed the Government to make a overall reform of the Enforcement System to mitigate this embarrassing situation. In 2007, the Standing Committee of the National people s Congress of People s Republic of China passed the amendment bill of Law of Civil Procedure to meet the current needs of the society. The major points of the revision are as follows, (1) Court can ban the neglecting Judgment Debtor from leaving the country and also can notice his negligences to the information related branches. (2) Courts can order the Judgment Debtor to declare his financial status for one year before he received the enforcement notice, and can sentence fines or detention if he refuse to follow the order or make a false declaration. (3) High People s Courts and the Supreme Court of the People s Republic of China also, if in need, can establish the enforcement divisions. (4) The courts which cover the site of property, along with the first instance court of the case, can perform the enforcement procedures. (5) Prolonged the period of prescription for enforcement from one year(six months if the parties are corporations) to two years. (6) To prevent the undue procrastination of enforcement procedures due to the regional egoism, new law permits petitions to the just above the original requested courts for enforcement of the delayed case when it is procrastinated over 6 months.

I. 民事執行의 槪念과 意義, 法源

II. 中國 民事執行法의 特性

III 執行難과 民事訴訟法 執行編의 改正

IV. 執行의 主體

V. 執行의 根據와 執行의 客體

VI. 執行의 開始3

VII. 强制執行措置

VIII. 執行의 實效性 確保를 위한 제도

VIX. 집행의 유예, 집행의 중지, 집행의 종결

X. 원상회복(執行回轉)

참고문헌

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