Examination of Physique and Fitness in Elite National Fencing Athletes. KINESIOLOGY, 2016, 18(2): 19-31. [PURPOSE] The purpose of this study was to examine physique and fitness in elite national fencing players. [METHODS] A total of 559 athletes who played as national players over 10 years participated in the study. There were 285 male and 274 female players (saber: 85 males, 93 females; epee: 105 males, 90 females; fleuret: 95 males, 91 females). Separate one-way ANOVA was performed to determine between sex and weapon categories. [RESULTS] There was a large difference between weapon categories in the male players more than in female players. Epee athletes were of larg-est physique (height, weight, and fat free mass), and the following were the order saber, and fleuret in both sex. Male epee athletes were significantly stronger in muscular strength and isokinetic muscular strength while female fleuret athletes were in power endurance, muscle endurance, and anaerobic power. Sabre athletes were significantly strong in muscular strength. Epee athletes were significantly strong in flexibility. [CONCLUSIONS] These results suggest that different physique and fitness fac-tors in weapon categories require individualized training protocols.