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SCOPUS 학술저널

Improvement Strategies of Agro-Value Chain for Agricultural Development in Developing Countries

Purpose 󰡈 Value chain in agriculture refers to direct and indirect activities related to value-added process from raw materials to final products in agricultural industries. In recent years, value chain analysis has become more important in the area of agricultural development. This article reviews the concept and importance of value chain analysis in the context of agricultural development and attempts to suggest improvement strategies. Research design, data, methodology 󰡈 A literature survey was conducted for value chain analysis for agricultural development. The case of agro-value chain in Cambodia was deeply analyzed based upon interviews with government officers and related experts. Results 󰡈 It seems that agro-value chain in developing countries are not well developed and does not carry out appropriate functions, compared to developed countries. Because value adding facilities, such as storage, processing and packing plants, milling plants, and etc. are not sufficiently constructed, the quality of agricultural products is low. Especially developing countries may loose opportunities to increase value of their product by exporting their agricultural products as raw materials to neighboring countries . Value adding process is also mainly controlled by traders in local markets or wholesale markets in urban areas. Farmers therefore can get lower share of final value of agricultural products compared to the shares paid to traders. Lastly it is argued that governments of developing countries do not play an active role in developing value chains and do not carry out coordinating functions in an effective and efficient manner. Conclusions 󰡈 The first step to improve agro-value chain in developing countries is to identify and analyze value chain structure of agricultural products and to make development strat-egies and implementation programs. For improving value chain of agricultural products in developing countries, it is required

1. 서론

2. 가치사슬의 개념과 농업 발전에서의 역할

3. 캄보디아의 농산물 가치사슬 현황과 문제점

4. 개도국 농산물 가치사슬 개선 전략

5. 요약 및 결론

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