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KCI등재 학술저널

The Effect of Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages: Textual vs. Textual-Visual and Self-Efficacy

The small number of fusion research that addresses fear-appeal and self-efficacy in the effectiveness of warning labels cause the label is not clear, then the purpose of the study is the first to examine the effect of the combination of the message. With the experimental method, a total of 240 participants were smokers consist of Indonesian university students in the age range 18-23 years. Data obtained then processed with ANOVA statistical methods and Test T. The results are consistent with previous studies that the visual warning labels more effective than the textual warning labels alone. Results also suggest that a warning label should be both visual and textual messages combined with self-efficacy. Limitations, this study does not differentiate among smokers and non-smokers, in addition to the images are used only one type of disease, so that the research needs to be done to distinguish these factors.

1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Research Methods

4. Results of Data Analysis

5. Discussion and Managerial Implications

6. Conclusion

References