Estimation of the Level Of Sustainable Development in Kazakhstan Regions and Recommendation For Its Increase
In this article, the dynamics of resource consumption in the Asia-Pacific region and Kazakhstan have been investigated; the evolution of existing theories and concepts of sustainable development and "Green growth" in the world economic science in terms of their adaptation to the spatial development ofKazakhstan have been studied. The authors took into account the fact that in the global and domestic economics controversial questions about the choice of criteria and indicators to assess the degree of stability of regional systems are still remaining. Onthis basis, the authors proposed an original methodology to assess the potential and conditions for sustainable development of the country with regard to a regional peculiarity. The proposed methodology in this article is based on the indicators typical of traditional and new factors of the economy and conditions for regional systems’functioning. The choice of indicators was carried out in concordance with the main tasks of Kazakhstan regions in future. This author's method is proposed to be used on two levels, on the national and regional, and later on the local level (districts, municipalities, cities). The author's method has been tested on the materials of Kazakhstan regions along with the use of a statistical information data bulk. On the assumption of the analysis, the tendency of strengthening the polarity of the Republic’s regions in accordance with the majority of key indicators of sustainable regional development was established. As a result of analysis, the authors have substantiated a number ofsuggestions to improve economic regulation methods of regional development, to implement institutional reforms in the economic development of natural resources, as well as to ) upgrade regional statistics. The article provides sufficiently broad recommendations that can be successfully used in practice to implement new regional strategies for future-oriented sustainable development.
2. Material and methods