The Formation of Information and High Technologies Clusters of Kazakhstan’s in Conditions of Digitalization in Framework of Industry 4.0
This study aims to identify of prospective areas for the formation of information and smart technologies clusters in Kazakhstan, and propose of the distribution of Kazakhstan’s regions according to the innovative development and the ability to perceive IT products. The study divided into the following sections. The section 2 proposes to consider the theoretical aspects of the formation of IT and high technology clusters. Section 3 presents analysis and estimation results. Section 4 is a concluding part. The application of scientific methods in this research will allow systematizing the available data, from both a theoretical and empirical perspective. In addition, the authors proposed methodological approaches, which have a three-tiered gradation: macro-level, meso-level and micro-level. This study confirms the importance of using the concept of “growth poles”, and the possibility of its application in the formation of information and high technology clusters. It is very important that the formation of the IT cluster should happen in a natural way. Based on the foregoing and taking into account the obtained results one can suggest the formation of IT clusters in the following promising areas of Kazakhstan: Almaty city, Astana city, Karaganda and North Kazakhstan.
2. Theoretical Background and Literature Overview
3. Analysis and Results