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KCI등재 학술저널

The Relationship Between Foreign Direct Investment Inflows and Trade Openness

Evidence from ASEAN and Related Countries

ASEAN countries have entered into many free trade agreements, and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows have become the engine of economic growth of these countries. Intrigued by the situation, we conducted this research to examine the relationship between trade openness and FDI inflows to ASEAN countries with the moderation effect of free trade agreements (FTAs). Our research used panel data of 21 countries (including Vietnam) that are members of FTAs related to ASEAN countries from the World Bank dataset and reported on a country level from 1995 to 2019. First, the three econometric models, pooled OLS, fixed effects (FEM), and random effects (REM) were applied to test three research hypotheses. Next, the assumption of heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation was tested through White’s test and Wooldridge’s test, and resulting in that generalised least squares (GLS) was selected because it is an appropriate econometric model with the dataset. The research found the positive impact of trade openness and FTAs on FDI inflows significantly, and the moderating role of FTAs in the relationship between trade openness and FDI inflows significantly at 0.01 level. Our research findings contribute to validate the FDI theory. These results imply that to attract FDI inflows, FDI oriented governments should increase their economy’s trade openness and join many free trade agreements.

1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Data Sources

4. Methodology

5. Empirical Results

6. Conclusion