대기오염 노출이 첫 출산아 저체중에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -서울지역 1999년~2003년 출생코호트를 중심으로-
Air Pollution Exposure and Low Birth Weight of Firstborn Fetus -A Birth Cohort Study in Seoul, 1999-2003-
- Cho, Yong-Sung Son, Ji-Young Lee, Jong-Tae
- 1. 한국환경보건학회지
- 제33권 제4호
- 등재여부 : KCI우수등재
- 227 - 234 (8 pages)
Recent epidemiologic studies show that gestational exposure to air pollution adversely affects pregnancy outcomes including low birth weight in preterm birth. In this study, we evaluated the effect of air pollutants on LBW (low birth weight) on firstborn fetus throughout the gestational period using the birth cohort between 1999 and 2003 in Seoul. Using birth cohort data from the National Statistics Office of Korea we identified 288,346 firstborn births (excluded missing data on lack of information for birth weight and discordance between residential and certificated address from a total of 316,451) during 1999 to 2003 with complete covariate (gender, parity, date of birth, gestational age, parental age and educational level, maternal occupation etc.) and maternal residential history data. Our subjects were defined as more than 37 weeks and less than 44 weeks of completed gestation and we identified 5,457 persons (1.89%) by low birth weight (<2.5 kg) in this study. Using logistic regression, we estimated the risk of mean (entire pregnancy and trimester period) air pollution concentrations for CO, O3, PM10, NO2 and SO2. In terms of trimester-specific exposure, we found that some air pollutants exposure in each trimester would increase the risk for LBW. Results also showed that the effect size of air pollutants exposure during the first and third trimester is higher than during the second trimester. In all trimester, the estimated risk of LBW was 1.831 (95% CI=1.573-2.132) with unit increase for CO, 1.139 (95% CI=1.107-1.172) for SO2 and 1.009 (95% CI=1.001-1.017) for O3. Our results suggest that exposure during the gestation period to relatively low levels of some air pollutants may be associated with a reduction in birth weight on firstborn fetus. These findings implicate the effective risk management strategies should be applied to minimize the public health impacts for pregnant women.