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KCI등재 학술저널

메이지시대 문학계에 나타난 교쿠테이 바킨(曲亭馬琴)의 영향

쓰보우치 쇼요(坪内逍遥)와 야마다 비묘(山田美妙)를 중심으로

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明治時代に入り近代的国家体制を備えることになった日本は、社会文化的にも多くの変化を迎えるようになった。西洋の文物が積極的に入るようになってから様々な分野において急速に近代化が行われた。このような社会文化的な近代化の流れの中に日本の文学界が置かれていたのである。山田美妙は小説に言文一致という革新的な文体を導入したことで高い評価を得ている作者である。彼は既存の戯作に見える文章から離れ、西洋の言文一致体を受け入れ華麗な文章を試みた。彼は『竪琴草紙』で自らを「二世曲亭馬琴」と称し、馬琴の影響を受けたことを表した。また、坪内逍遥は日本の近代に活躍した小説家、評論家である。小説の原理と技法について記述した『小説神髄』は、當時の日本文学界に訪れた伝統文学と近代文学の転換の時点にきっかけとなった評論集である。彼もまた馬琴を批判しつつ受容し、日本文学界がその影響をたくさん受けていることを明らかにしながらも、そこから離れなければならないと主張した。江戸時代後期を代表する馬琴の作品は明治時代に入っても日本人に持続的に読まれた。明治時代初期は新たに登場した近代的な文学思潮と馬琴文学の特徴が共に現れる時期と言える。

Japan, which entered the Meiji era and established a modern national system, has undergone many social and cultural changes. With the active introduction of the Western culture, modernization took place rapidly in various fields. The Japanese literary world was placed in this social and cultural modernization trend. Yamada Bimyo is a highly renowned writer who introduced the innovative style of word-sentence matching into a novel. He deviated from the sentences seen in the existing Gesaku and tried to refine sentences by accepting the Western linguistics. In 󰡔Tatekotozoshi󰡕, he called himself 「KyokuteiBakinⅡ」, revealing that he was influenced by Bakin. Also, Tsubouchi Shoyo is a novelist and critic who was active in the modern era of Japan. 󰡔ShosetsuShinzui󰡕, which describes the principles and techniques of novels, is a collection of reviews that triggered the transition from the traditional literature to the modern literature, faced by the Japanese literary world at the time. He also criticized and accepted Bakin, pointing out that the Japanese literary world was heavily influenced by him, and insisted that it should move away from him. Bakin’s work, representing the late Edo period, was steadily read by the Japanese even in the Meiji period. The early Meiji period can be said to be a time when the new modern literary trend and the characteristics of Bakin’s literature appeared together.

1. 머리말

2. 메이지시대에 보이는 에도시대 작품의 평가

3. 야마다 비묘의 『다테코토조시』

4. 쓰보우치 쇼요의 『소설신수』

5. 맺음말

참고문헌

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