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KCI등재 학술저널

재일본 조선학교 사회과 교과서의 연도별 비교분석

1970년대 이후 중급 3학년 과정을 중심으로

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本研究は1970年代以降に出版された4冊の朝鮮学校中級3年生の社会科教科書により朝鮮学校社会科教育の変化について考察した。研究方法はキーワード頻度分析と質的分析を並行した。社会科の教科書は表紙から変化が確認された。教科書の編成も金日成の教示と説明のためのものから、現代の人々の生活と日本社会、そして在日朝鮮人の社会を学ぶシステムへと次第に変貌していった。内容的な面では在日朝鮮人をめぐる3国、つまり韓国と北朝鮮、そして日本に関する記述を中心に分析した。「南朝鮮」と「祖国」に関する内容は2005年の教科書以前までは減少し続けたが、これは韓国と北朝鮮の内容が次第に縮小していったことを意味する。特に、韓国の内容は1994年の教科書からは消えた。南朝鮮と関連した内容は2000年6.15南北共同宣言の発表と在日朝鮮人社会の形成に関する内容が追加され、2005年教科書に再び登場した。北朝鮮の内容は、第5次教育課程から日本社会と世界に関する内容が増加し、相対的に減少している。実際の北朝鮮を意味する時は「祖国」よりは「共和国」という単語を使った。日本に関する内容は1994年以前まではほとんど取り扱われていなかったが、第5次教育課程から次第に増加していった。本研究は朝鮮学校の教科書の中で比較的研究が少なかった社会科教科書を対象に体系的な分析を試みたことに意味がある。

This study examined a change in how Joseon schools thought social studies by comparatively analyzing four social studies textbooks for 3rd graders in junior high schools, which were published after 1970s. It simultaneously used both quantitative and qualitative methods. Such a change in social studies was initially verified from their covers. The composition systems of them also gradually shifted from explanations about Kim Ilseong’s instructions to learning about modern people’ life, Japanese society and the society of Korean residents. It analyzed the contents of them, around descriptions about Korean residents-related South and North Korea and Japan. In social studies textbooks, the terms including ‘South Joseon’ and ‘homeland(Joguk)’ were steadily decreased before the textbooks published in 2005, indicating that the contents about South and North Korea were gradually reduced. In particular, the contents about ‘South Joseon’, South Korea disappeared in the textbooks published in 1994. South Joseon-related ‘South Korea’ and ‘the Republic of Korea’ began to reappeared in the textbooks published in 2005, as 6.15 South-North Joint Statement was announced in 2000. The contents about ‘homeland’, North Korea were relatively reduced, as the portions of Japanese society and the world were increased since the 5th curriculum. It is also found that ‘republic’ was actually used rather than ‘homeland, as a term representing North Korea’. In addition, ‘Japan’ had been scarcely used until 1994, but was increasingly used since the 5th curriculum. This study has an implication, in that it attempted to systematically analyze the social studies textbooks which have not been researched among all textbooks in Joseon schools.

Ⅰ. 머리말

Ⅱ. 조선학교의 교육과정과 사회과 교육

Ⅲ. 중급 3학년 사회 교과서의 분석 결과

Ⅳ. 맺음말

참고문헌

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