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KCI등재 학술저널

일본 제국주의의 통치전략과 ‘깨끗하고 건강한 몸’ 만들기

『요미우리신문』과 『아사히신문』의 매독 담론

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『読売新聞』と『朝日新聞』の梅毒言説(1900─1945)の特徴は次のようである。まず、明治·大正時代の帝国言論は「きれいな体」で清潔さを強調したが、昭和前期になると、戦時体制下で「健康な体」として国民体力管理を強調する。このように、時代別に帝国主義の統治戦略が異なっていることが分かった。次に『読売新聞』は一般庶民の立場で性病の予防に重点をおき、性病から女性を保護しようとする態度をとっている。しかし、『朝日新聞』は帝国日本の衛生政策をよく反映しており、商業資本主義と結託している。ちなみに性病の責任を女性になすりつけている。このように、二つの新聞から男女平等に対する認識の差と、近代性との関係が分かった。最後に『読売新聞』は個人の生を通して『朝日新聞』は国家の政策を通して梅毒を報道している。このように、東京の『読売新聞』と大阪の『朝日新聞』との差別的な衛生政策と商業資本主義との関係が分かった。

The “syphilis” discourse of Yomiuri Shimbun and Asahi Shimbun(1900-1945) is characterised as follows. Firstly, the Imperial statement during the Meiji and the Taisho era emphasised purity in terms of “clean body.” In the former period of the Showa era, the management of physical strength of the national people was emphasised in terms of “clean body” under the wartime regime. The present study thus reveals different domination strategies of the Imperialism in different eras. Secondly, Yomiuri Shimbun put emphasis on the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases from the perspective of commoners and tried to prevent women from being infected. On the other hand, Asahi Shimbun well reflected the hygiene policy of the Imperial Japan and was associated with the Commercial Capitalism. Also, Asahi Shimbun shifted the blame of sexual transmitted diseases onto women. In this way, the two newspaper are contrasted in terms of gender equality and modernisation. Finally, Yomiuri Shimbun reported syphilis through individual lives, whilst Asahi Shimbun did so through the national policy. In this way, the present study sheds light on the differences between the two newspapers in terms of the discriminational hygiene policy and the Commercial Capitalism.

1. 머리말

2. 메이지 시대의 매독 담론 - 깨끗한 몸과 상업자본주의

3. 다이쇼 시대의 매독 담론 특징 - <깨끗한 몸>과 여성 인권 문제

4. 쇼와 전기의 매독 담론의 특징 - <건강한 몸>과 국민 체력관리

5. 결론

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