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KCI등재 학술저널

跨越时空的启迪:“内向超越”的人生

透过王维诗歌看其心路历程

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作为意识形态的诗歌创作,毫无例外要受到所处社会的政治、思想、哲学,文化等方面的制约和影响。这些影响是复杂且多方面的,既涉及诗人的世界观和人生态度,也影响他的文化心理及情感旨趣。王维自幼接受正统的儒家教育,少年时期学佛礼佛,体味大半人生后诗歌又逐步体现出道家的思想内核。综观其诗作,从不同的题材与创作的时代加以分析解读,可以看到当他作为“社会人”所关注的理想与现实发生冲撞的时候,其是用佛教与道教的“自然”与“本心”来进行消解的。从某种角度上看,从王维的身上我们可以充分地理解中国主流的文化精神,其关注对象逐渐由外至内,次第完成其从“社会人”到“自然人”再到关注自我“本心”这样一种“内向超越”的过程,这个过程,也是儒释道三者融合,形成“内向超越”型文化的过程。

As a kind of ideology, poetry creation is restrained and influenced by the political thought, philosophy, philosophy, culture and other aspects of the society where the poet lived without exception. These influences are complex and involve multiple aspects. They not only affect the poet s world outlook and life attitude, but also affect his cultural psychology and emotional purport. More importantly, they affect the poet s creation, and the social mindset and aesthetic trend in a specific era. Wang Wei is a man with rich knowledge, twists and turns, and ups and downs in his life. He received orthodox Confucian culture and education since his childhood, and learned Buddhism and paid respect for Buddha when he was young, winning him the title of Poem Buddha. In the second half of his life, his poems gradually began to embody the ideological core of Taoism. Wang Wei was a Confucian, paid respect for Buddha but he was not a monk. He followed the Taoism but he was not a Taoist. By looking at his poems and analyzing them from different themes and creation times, it can be see that when the ideal that he focused on as a “social person” collided with the reality, he dispelled such collision with the “nature” and “original aspiration” of Buddhism and Taoism. From a certain point of view, Wang Wei represented the mainstream cultural spirit of China. He focused on the objects gradually from the outside to the inside, and then completes the process of “introversion transformation” from “social person” to “natural person” and then to self “original aspiration”. This process was also the process of the integration of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism and the formation of “introversion transformation” culture.

1. 绪论

2. 《少年行》里的恣意人生

3. 边塞诗里的雄心壮志

4. 山水田园里的宁静致远

5. 花自开落的人生感悟

6. 结论

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