The Effect of the Youth s Generativity Following Their Participation in MARTIAL ARTS Training on Social Adaptation and Social Happiness
Purpose: For youth, in such a time where physical activities and self-concept development are vigorous, and at the same time, where physical activities are suppressed due to the stress of entrance exam related academic prep-arations, the negative impact of self-concept is an obstacle to their holistic development, and hence, it is im-portant for them to develop a positive self-concept, which requires an effective method. Hence, in order to spread the participation in sports activities for leading a healthy and sound life through the self-realization of youth and correct physical self-concept, by examining the effects of youth generativity through participation in the martial arts training on social adaptation and social happiness, it would be meaningful in helping to develop the regular education programs for youth. Method: In this study, by using the youth participating in martial arts training as the population as of 2021, the sampling method was used to survey 300 people by using the convenience sampling method, and the survey was conducted by using the self-administration method, and among the recovered survey questionnaires, the questionnaire was used as a valid sample except for the data in which the response contents were insincere or some of the contents were omitted. The data processing of this study was frequency analysis, Cronbach s α coeffi-cient calculation, factor analysis, and correlation analysis by using the SPSS 25.0 Program, a statistical package program. The multiple regression was used. Results: As a result of the factor analysis performed on generativity, social adaptation, and social happiness, it was consisted of 2 factors for generativity, 4 factors for social adaptation, and 4 factors for social happiness, and all factors turned out to be .05 or higher, respectively. As a result of the reliability validation performed, the Cronbach s α coefficient turned out to be between .952 and .673, and as a result of the correlation analysis per-formed, it turned out that there was a positive(+) relationship between all of the factors. It turned out that genera-tivity influences social adaptation and social happiness. Conclusion: To achieve the purpose of the study, a conclusion was reached that generativity influences social adaptation and social happiness through the results of the questionnaire. It is necessary to maintain and improve optimism through the mental and physical health by continuously participating in physical activities including the martial arts training for youth, and there is also a need for an environment where the youth may freely participate in sports activities without any restrictions and the method or policy supported by policy. Furthermore, since the positive image of athletes by sport, including Taekwondo, is continuously used as a communication tool in the modern society, it ought to be used to promote and help improve the image of sports through advertisements for many sports athletes.
2. Research Methods