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KCI등재후보 학술저널

A Survey of Injuries and a Comparative Study of Characteristics for Each Detailed Sport of TAEKWONDO

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Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the status of injuries by each detailed sport of Taekwondo and provide the basic data for developing an injuries prevention program appropriate for the characteristics of each sport. Method: A total of 110 college and university Taekwondo athletes were targeted, including 35 for competition, 33 for poomsae, and 42 for demonstration, respectively, and the status of injuries and treatment methods were surveyed and analyzed. The results are as follows. Results: First, as for the injuries related experiences, 82.4% of those for competition, 69.7% of those for poomsae, and 78% of those for demonstration turned out to have had relevant experiences, and as for the sur-gery related experiences by each sport, those for competition were 44.1%, those for poomsae were 15.2%, and those for demonstration were 21.4%, respectively. Second, as a result of analyzing the their recovery period, those for sparing were 28.6% and those for demonstration were 42.9% responding with less than 4 weeks at the most. Meanwhile, those for poomsae demonstrated the highest rate of 36.4% for over 6 months. Third, as a result of analyzing the situation of injuries, those for competition were 80%, those for poomsae were 78.8%, and those for demonstration were 63.4%, responding that they have suffered most injuries during this sport. Fourth, as a result of analyzing the causes of injuries, 24% of those for competition responded with collision or fall the most. 21.7% of those for poomsae and 25% of those for demonstration responded fatigue and overwork as the causes of inju-ries the most. Fifth, as a result of analyzing the timing of injuries, 36.8% of those for competition, 42.6% of those for poomsae, and 38.4% of those for demonstration responded that they have suffered the most injuries during the winter. Sixth, as a result of analyzing the types of injuries, sprains and fractures accounted for the most with 17.7%, respectively, while 18.9% of those for poomsae and 25.2% of those for for demonstration responded the most with sprain. Seventh, as a result of analyzing the parts of injuries, 28.8% of those for competition, 34.5% of those for poomsae, and 34.5% of those for demonstration responded the most with lower body injuries. Lastly, as a result of analyzing the method of handling injuries, 24.7% of those for competition, 19.6% of those for poomsae, and 19.9% of those for demonstration responded the most with treatment after visiting an oriental medicine clinic. Conclusion: Gathering which, given the high frequency of sports injuries for the athletes, conditioning is need-ed, and it is also determined that the measures for maintaining body temperature and preventing injuries are required during the winter exercises. Furthermore, given the characteristics of Taekwondo, the frequency of use of the lower body is quite high, and as it is evident that the lower body injuries are prevalent, and since there are many sprains and fractures, in line with the causes and types of such injuries, systematic training methods for improving the athletes performance and preventing injuries, and such preventive methods as taping, braces, and warm-up exercises would likely be required.

1. Introduction

2. Research Method

3. Results

4. Discussion

5. Conclusion

6. References

7. Appendix

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