Purpose: In order to successfully establish a self-governing police system, police work, which has been greatly expanded compared to the past, must be effectively performed. Therefore, policy measures that can expand not only formal community governance in which local residents participate but also various informal governance should be sought from now on. Method: This study examines the need and current state of a participation system for the secure establishment and expansion of an autonomous police system, and examines policy measures to increase resident participation in Korea in the future. Results: Regarding the study results, as a policy alternative for the successful establishment of an autonomous police system, first, in order to expand the institutional mechanism for an autonomous police system led by local residents, it is considered necessary to expand their participation in the provincial autonomous police committees, and to introduce a resident recommendation system for the heads of local police departments. Second, in order to strengthen a security network based on public-private cooperation centered on local residents, the systematic op-eration of an autonomous crime prevention squad and the operation of a Police Development Council should be improved through the enactment of related laws. Third, it was observed that a network consultative body should be established, an advisory group for local residents should be formed, and the operation should be expanded. Conclusion: This study, ultimately, pretends to present resident-led administration as the most important value of the autonomous police system. In addition, citizens and local residents are the most important actors not only in the autonomous police system, but in all administrative functions of the state and local governments. In order to create a genuine policing cooperation ecosystem that can discover the demand for public security suitable to the local characteristics through an autonomous police system and guarantee the democracy and resident-oriented nature of police activities, local governments and the police must cooperate and connect with resident-centered governance.
2. Necessity of Resident Participation
3. Cases of Resident Participation in Korea
4. Plan to Expand Resident Participation for the Successful Establishment of the Autonomous Police System