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KCI등재 학술저널

중국 내몽고 초원 몽골족 생활방식의 다변화

황막초원 지역 몽골족 마을의 사례

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This article examines how the governmental policy on desertification in Inner Mongolia has an impact on the life of Mongolian herders based on an ethnographic research. Since the late nineties, the Chinese government has implemented a variety of policies for grassland restoration. Firstly, the prohibition of herding sheep and cows resulted in lowering the number of livestock, pushing the herders to find alternative livelihoods. Secondly, the government encouraged the herders to breed dairy cows. Thirdly, by the proposition of the ecologists of IBCAS, Mongolian people have begun to herd chickens on the grassland, which transformed the herders’ life, and began identifying themselves as “herders of poultry.” The presence of dairy cows and chickens on the grassland diversified the lifestyles of herders in Inner Mongolia. Mongolian people live a resilient life by coping with rapid changes in the policies and living conditions.

1. 서론

2. 탈사회주의 국가의 초원과 목축민

3. 초원금목(草原禁牧): 양과 소의 방목 금지

4. 젖소사육(奶牛養殖): 신농촌신목구 건설 정책의 실시

5. 가금방목(家禽放牧): 목축민(牧畜民)에서 목금민(牧禽民)으로

6. 결론: 몽골족 목축민의 선택과 실천의 복잡성

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