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KCI등재 학술저널

“저항력 없는” 어휘

절멸위기의 알타이 언어들에 대한 현지조사결과를 중심으로

Some words are found in almost all the Mongolian languages and dialects, in the form which are traced back to their Middle Mongolian or Written Mongolian forms. They are words for ‘human’, ‘name’, ‘sun’, ‘day’, ‘head’, ‘nose’, ‘ear’, ‘tongue’, ‘neck’, ‘finger/ toe’, ‘nail’, ‘heart’, ‘cattle’, ‘horse’ ‘sheep’, ‘hare’, ‘snake’, ‘red’, ‘blue’, ‘yellow’, ‘black’, ‘white’, ‘blood’, ‘excrement’, ‘urine’, ‘to have a bowel movement’, ‘to urinate’, ‘I(first person singular)’, etc. Some other words have been replaced by other elements, mainly foreign borrowings. This paper calls the former group “Words with sufficient resistibility” and the latter group “Words with insufficient resistibility” for the time being, and introduce the words which belong to the latter group. “Words with insufficient resistibility” includes those words for heavenly body, four directions, four seasons, kinship terms, one digit numbers, personal pronouns, parts of human body, etc. “Hyper generalization” in the languages in danger of disappearing are briefly mentioned. Some examples which show the disagreement between the good memory for the native words and the real use of the mother tongue are also introduced.

1. “저항력 없는” 어휘와 “저항력 있는” 어휘

2. “저항력 없는” 어휘들의 예

3. 정리

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