콩에 있어서 온도 상승이 생물 계절, 수량구성요소, 단백질 및 지방함량 영향 평가
Effects of High Temperature on Soybean Physiology, Protein and Oil Content, and Yield
A recent assessment by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projected that the global average surface temperature will increase by a value 1.5°C from 2030 to 2052. In this study, we used a temperature gradient chamber that mimicked field conditions to evaluate the effect of increased air temperature on phenology, yield components, protein content, and oil content, to assess soybean growth. In 2017 and 2018, ‘Deawonkong’, ‘Pungsannamulkong’, and ‘Deapungkong’ cultivars were grown in three temperature gradient chambers. Four temperature treatment groups were established by dividing the rows along temperature regimes: ambient temperature + 1°C (aT+1), ambient temperature + 2°C (aT+2), ambient temperature + 3°C (aT+3), ambient temperature + 4°C (aT+4). Year, cultivar, and temperature treatments significantly affected yield components and seed yield. In 2017, the flowering stage of ‘Deawon’ and ‘Pungsannamul’ cultivars in the aT+4 group was delayed compared to the flowering stage of those in the aT+1 group. In 2018, the flowering stage of ‘Deawon’ and ‘Pungsannamul’ was delayed at all temperature gradients, owing to high temperature stress, whereas ‘Deapung’ was regularly flowering in 2017 and 2018. The duration of the grain filling period was six days shorter in 2018 than in 2017 because of high temperature stress. The total number of pods per m2 for ‘Deawon’ and ‘Pungsannamul’ was 48.8 and 41.5% lower in 2018 than in 2017, respectively, whereas ‘Deapung’ increased by 6.3%. The 100-seed weight of ‘Deawon’ and ‘Deapung’ was 29.2 and 32.1% lower, respectively. However, ‘Pungsannamul’ decreased by 14.7%. The protein and oil content was lower during the grain filling period in 2018 than in the same period in 2017 because of high temperature stress. In contrast, the oil content in ‘Deapung’ was higher in 2018 than in 2017. Our results showed that increased temperature during the grain filling period was significantly and negatively correlated with pod number, 100-seed weight, protein content, and oil content.
재료 및 방법