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KCI등재 학술저널

루쉰 「축복(祝福)」재독

1인칭 주인공 시점으로서의 ‘나’의 역할을 중심으로

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1924년 발표된 루쉰의 소설 「축복(祝福)」에는 유교와 민간신앙이라는 두 가지 전통적 가치체계가 등장한다. 그리고 현대지식인을 대표하는 ‘나’는 이 두 전통적 가치에 대해 관찰자적 입장에서 비판적인 시선으로 서술한다. 그러나 유교와 민간신앙 모두로부터 배제되어 절망한 샹린댁이 ‘나’에게 영혼과 지옥의 존재에 대해 묻는 순간부터 ‘나’는 「축복」의 관찰자가 아니라 주인공이다. 샹린댁의 질문은 도와달라는 신호와 마찬가지였지만 ‘나’는 철저하게 외면한다. 뿐만 아니라 영혼의 존재에 대해 확실히 말하지 않으면서도 자신은 ‘축복’ 제의 속에서 천지신명의 존재를 느끼며 위안을 얻는다. ‘나’는 샹린댁의 도움 요청을 외면함으로써 샹린댁의 비극에 책임이 있는 가해자 중 한 사람이 된다.

There were two traditional sets of values, shown in Lu Hsun(魯迅)’s novel 「The New Year’ s Sacrifice(祝福)」, published in 1924. Those are Confucianism, represented by master Lusi(魯四老爺), and folk beliefs by madam Liu(柳媽). And “I”, who represents the modern intellectuals, critically depict this traditional values. Madam Xianglin(祥林嫂) intended to live alone, when she came to Lusi’s house for work. But, forced by her mother-in-law, who wants the bride price, she was remarried and deprived of her right to be faithful. It became her stigma and she was blamed to be depraved person. It made her excluded from both Confucianism and folk belief. After completely being denied her existence in traditional value system, Despaired madam Xianglin asked the‘I’, who learned the new knowledge from outside world, about the existence of soul and hell. Since then, “I” was not the observer of 「The New Year’s Sacrifice」, but the protagonist. “I” tried to become the bystander who drastically ignore madam Xianglin, who needed the comfort for her soul. Though the query of madam Xianglin was as a signal of demanding helps, the only attention of “I” was his safe and comfort. Further, without saying clearly about the existence of the soul, he himself get his comfort by feeling the existence of heaven and earth during the ritual of “Bless”. The “I”, no more or less than master Lusi or Liuma who he blamed, was one of perpetrators who were responsible for the tragic of madam Xianglin.

1. 들어가며

2. 루전의 전통적 가치체계와 그로 인한 억압

3. 현대지식인으로서의 나 의 외면

4. 나오며

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