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KCI등재 학술저널

The Impact of Operating Cash Flows on Financial Stability of Commercial Banks: Evidence from Pakistan

This study aims to examine whether operating cash flows influence banks’ financial stability in Pakistan. The study employed annual panel data collected from annual reports of 20 commercial banks listed on the Pakistan Stock Exchange for the year 2011 to 2019. Free cash flow yield was taken as the dependent variable while cash flow ratio was selected as the independent variable, and net interest margin, income diversification, asset quality, financial leverage, the cost to income ratio, advance net of provisions to total assets ratio, capital ratio, financial performance, breakup value per share and bank size were taken as control variables. The study performed ordinary least square technique, random and fixed effects models, Hausman test, Lagrange multiplier test, descriptive and correlation analysis. Results showed that operating cash flows and net interest margin significantly and positively influenced banks’ financial stability while the cost to income ratio and advances net of provisions to total assets ratio significantly and negatively associated with banks’ financial stability. To improve financial stability, banks should become more cost-effective and enhance their liquidity levels by lowering lending activities. In the future, it would be useful to compare commercial and investment banks, also Islamic and conventional banks in the same research setting.

1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Research Methodology

4. Results and Discussion

5. Conclusion

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