Variations of Yield Components and Anthocyanin Contents in Soritae and Yakkong Black Soybean Landraces Collected from Different Areas
- 최유미(Yu-Mi Choi) 윤혜명(Hyemyeong Yoon) 신명재(Myoung-Jae Shin) 이윤정(Yoonjung Lee) 이수경(Sukyeung Lee) Wang Xiao Han Kebede Taye Desta
- 제34권 제6호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 542 - 554 (13 pages)
In this study, we cultivated 115 Soritae and 86 Yakkong black soybean landraces collected from ten different locations in Korea. Then, the variations of three yield components (one-hundred seeds weight (HSW), number of seeds per pod (SPP), and yield per plant (YPP)) and three anthocyanins (cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C-3-O-G), delphinidin-3-O-glucoside (D-3-O-G) and petunidin-3-O-glucoside (Pt-3-O-G)) were investigated according to landrace type and collection area. Both yield components and anthocyanin contents significantly varied between the soybeans demonstrating genetic differences. Soritae landraces had the highest average HSW and TAC, whereas Yakkong landraces displayed the highest average SPP irrespective of collection area. Relatively, Yakkong landraces from Gyeongsangnam-do (1697.29 ㎎/100 g) and Soritae landraces from Gyeonggi-do (2340.94 ㎎/100 g) had the highest average TAC. Principal component analysis clearly separated Soritae and Yakkong landraces. Moreover, TAC and C-3-O-G showed positive and significant associations in both Soritae (r = 0.972) and Yakkong (r = 0.885) landraces, while yield components showed negative or weak correlations with each other. Overall, ten landraces were identified as important resources owing to their high yield (>150 g/plant) and high level of TAC (>2300 ㎎/100g). This study could lay foundations to molecular level investigations and reinforce the use of Yakkong and Soritae landraces during cultivar development.
Materials and Methods
Conflicts of Interest