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KCI등재 학술저널

谿谷 文學論 硏究

The Study on Kyegok Literature

The meaning of this thesis is to study the literature of Wolsa, Sangchon, Kyegok, Takdang who were what we call four masters form king Seonjo to king Injo in Choseon dynasty, and to study proses among Kyegok works. Kyegok criticized the Jeongjuhak(程朱學), the main stream at that time, the attitude of scholar who had not basis but excuse, the deficient and inexact evidence, and he claimed the freedom of literature. In the sentence on the basis of the idea of Sangjil(尙質), he claimed Zuriron(主理論) which emphasized on Ri (理) and that writers concentrate their energies not the excessive modification and trite remarks but writings with their personalities. Therefore he made much of old-fashioned writing style. He made the literature be separated from ethics. He had a view of literature that literary nature was to express human s pure mind, that he regarded literary activity as an independent work. This literary view was in poems. He insisted that poetic nature be to express temper, that the secrets of nature be included in poems, that the function of poems be to enlighten the society as temper purification, to have miracle and immortality. poetry included Zugiron(主氣論). Poets had to try good poems ceaselessy. They have to learn Dang(唐) people s spirit to establish a school of their own. He emphasized five commandments when he wrote poems. He made much of a rhyme and the process of exercises. To criticize poems, high level of creation is required, the value of works is emphasized. He emphasized contents more than form, took pride in his own works. In the theory of writers, he criticized writers with a method of appreciation and criticism. The theory of work he made much of work itself, emphasized Sangzil(尙質), rated works high written according to a rhyme-rule. Kyegok made literature be independant of ethics, to seek its true character. He rationalized old-fashioned style aesthetically.

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