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KCI등재 학술저널

Factors Influencing on Bank Capital and Profitability: Evidence of Government Banks in Indonesia

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The purpose of this research is to see if liquidity, non-performing assets, sensitivity, and efficiency have an impact on the profitability and capital of Indonesian state-owned banks. A random sample of public banks was used in this study. The data was collected from the first quarter of 2014 to the fourth quarter of 2019. Purposive sampling was used as the sampling technique. According to the findings of this study, liquidity (LDR) had a significant positive effect on capital but had no significant effect on profitability. Productive asset quality as proxied by the ACA and NPL ratios did not affect profitability or capital. As for the sensitivity ratio, which was proxied by the ratio of NOP and IRR, there were differences in behavior. Sensitivity had no significant impact on profitability or capital, while NOP had a significant positive impact on capital but not on profitability. In terms of efficiency, both OER and FBIR had a significant effect on profitability and capital, although in different directions. OER has a significant negative impact on both profitability and capital. Fee-based income (FBIR) had a significant positive impact on capital, but it had the opposite effect on profitability.

1. Introduction

2. Literature Review

3. Research Methods

4. Results and Discussion

5. Conclusion and Limitations

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