Purpose - This study aims to examine the relationship between flexible Human Resource Management (HRM) and individual ambidexterity and the moderating effect of trust in management. Design/methodology/approach - This study collected 971 survey data from employees in Korea. The Confimatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and the multiple regression analysis were used to analyze the data. Findings - First, the flexible human resource management have a positive effect on individual ambidexterity. Second, trust in management positively moderate the relationship between flexible human resource management and individual ambidexterity. Research implications or Originality - First, this study is critical that it examines individual ambidexterity and antecedent factor, which have not been relatively researched in Korea. This study is meaningful in that it revealed that the individual ambidexterity can be increased through flexible human resource management. Second, individual ambidexterity may vary depending on the characteristics of the human resource management system. Third, it is important to find the boundary condition of trust in management. By finding conditions that enhance the effect of flexible human resource management on individual ambidexterity, it also provides practical implications applicable to companies.
Ⅱ. 이론적 배경 및 가설설정