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일본어문학 제97집.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

나카하라 츄야(中原中也) 문학에 나타난 <자기 상실(自己喪失)>에 대한 고찰

『염소의 노래(山羊の歌)』를 중심으로

中原中也の第一詩集である『山羊の歌』には詩人の<自己喪失>と関連した表現がたくさん出てくる。特に生涯の恋人であった長谷川泰子を喪失した事件が単純な失恋事件ではなく、徹底した無力感の中、絶対的存在を凝視させる人生の節目であったことを念頭に入れて、この詩集を考察してみると詩人の本質と関わる多様な側面が分かってくる。特に女性関連の表現を中心に考察してみたとき、詩人にとっての衝撃であった失恋が絶対者意識を深化させたことであることが分かる。以下、詩集から表現された女性関連イメージをまとめてみる。第一、詩人は日常的詩語を対象にして否定表現の反復を隠喩的に表現することによって、女性イメージを具体化した。現実否定と諦念という過程を通して自己の内面の一定の統一性を得られるための試みであったと言える。第二、詩人は自分の永遠の恋人をこの上ないよい人として描いていて、ひいては死の世界の向こうに存在するかもしれない存在としての女性の魂を死と結びつけて形象化した。第三、すべてを包容し、受け入れる存在として理想化された女性イメージである。これは深い喪失感をもたらした衝撃的な自己喪失の事件が単純な失恋事件ではなく、深い無力感から絶対者への依存を深めるキッカケとなったことを示してくれるのである。

The Song of Goats, the first poem book of Chūya Nakahara, features a number of expressions relating to the ‘identity crisis’ of the poet. In particular, the poem book reveals some essential aspects of the poet, if we regard the loss of Yasuko Hasegawa, his lifetime significant other, not as merely a heartbreak incident but as an event which made him stare the absolute apathetically. Most notably, the analysis of the female-related expressions in the poem book reveals that the heartbreak incident, which greatly shocked the poet, deepened his consciousness about the absolute. In what follows, I enumerate the female-related images evoked in the poem book. Firstly, the poet reified the female images by metaphorically expressing the repetition of negative expressions about the ordinary poetry expressions. This can be viewed as an attempt to obtain some unification of his internal facets through the process of reality-negation and resignation. Secondly, the poet described his lifetime lover as an extremely good person, symbolising the spirit of the woman who may exist in the world beyond afterlife in connection with the concept of death. Thirdly, he represented the image of an idealised female who accepts and tolerates everything. This suggests that the incident of identity crisis, which brought him a sense of deep loss, is not merely a heartbreak event but it made him deeply pathetic and led him to depend on the absolute

1. 들어가며

2. 자기 상실 경험과 『염소의 노래(山羊の歌)』의 결실

3. 『염소의 노래(山羊の歌)』에 나타난 <자기상실>과 <여성이미지>

4. 나가며

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