Purpose: To investigate the effects of prostaglandin E2 agonist omidenepag (OMD) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) in human trabecular meshwork (TM) cells. Methods: Primarily cultured human TM cells were exposed to 0, 1, 10, or 40 μmol/L OMD for 3 days. The permeability through the TM cell monolayer was assessed using carboxyfluorescein. Expressions of messenger ribonucleic acid and protein levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP-9 were measured by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. Also, the permeability, expression of messenger ribonucleic acid, and protein levels of MMPs were measured after exposure to 1 μmol/L latanoprost free acid (LAT). Results: OMD and LAT did not affect the cellular survival (all p > 0.05). Each concentration of OMD and LAT did not affect the permeability of carboxyfluorescein significantly (all p > 0.05). LAT increased the level of MMP-1 protein but did not increase the levels of MMP-3 and MMP-9 proteins. Each concentration of OMD did not affect the levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, and MMP- 9 proteins (all p > 0.05) Conclusions: In TM cells, prostaglandin E2 agonist OMD did not increase the permeability through the TM cell monolayer, and the protein levels of MMPs. These suggest that the direct effect on the trabecular outflow by OMD may be limited.
Materials and Methods