The Effect of Making Pressed Flower Fans on the Prefrontal Electroencephalogram Activity of University Students
Background and objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of a horticultural activity program usingpressed flowers on the prefrontal electroencephalogram (EEG) activity of university students. Methods: This study was conducted from August 5 to October 12, 2021 on 31 students of D University. The programrequired the subjects to wear an EEG device and make fans decorated with pressed flowers. The program was divided intothree stages: ① preparation stage: looking at a wall coated in white paint (2 minutes), ② working stage: designing pressedflowers on a fan (5 minutes), and ③ appreciation stage: looking at and appreciating the fans they made, decorated inpressed flowers (3 minutes). Total relative values were analyzed by dividing the sections of prefrontal θ, α, β, and ϒ wavesinto preparation, work, and appreciation, excluding delta waves that increase during sleep. Results: Theta waves, which reflect the state of meditation, significantly increased on both left (p = .007) and right (p = .002)in the appreciation stage. On the other hand, there was a significant difference in alpha waves in the work stage (left: p <.001, right: p < .001). In addition, it was confirmed that beta waves reflecting attention, arousal, and active mental stateincreased in the work stage and decreased in the appreciation stage (left: p = .048, right: p = .010). In the case of gammawave, there was no significant change. By gender, there was a significant decrease in theta waves (left: p = .034) and asignificant increase in alpha waves on the left among male students (left: p = .026). For female students, theta wavessignificantly decreased in the work stage on the right (right: p = .038), and alpha waves significantly increased in the workstage (left: p = .002, right: p = . 007). Conclusion: As described above, it was possible to investigate the effect of horticultural activities using pressed flowersin each of the activity stages such as preparation, work, and appreciation on changes in the prefrontal EEG of universitystudents.
Results and Discussion