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日本語文學 第98輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

무라카미 하루키의 『색채가 없는 다자키 쓰쿠루와 그가 순례를 떠난 해』 론

무의식과 의식이 혼재하는 공간으로서의 꿈의 세계

In the present article, I analyse Haruki Murakami’s(2013) Colourless Tsukuru Tazaki and his Years of Pilgrimage and explore the interrelation between the spirit of humans and their dream. In this novel, the male protagonist, Tsukuru Tazaki, was excluded from his friends’ group in high school. He meets his friends again when he turned 36 to overcome the psychological problem associated with exclusion from his friends’ group, and he recovers from the problem after knowing the truth of their relationship. After being excluded from his friends’ group, he had a sexual dream. I will analyse it in connection with Freud’s psychoanalysis, with special focus on the following questions: What does ‘dream’ mean to the spirit of humans? What does the dream represent, and what meaning does it bring to humans? Looking for the connection between the dream world and the real world, I would like to understand the issues in our world and approach the meaning represented by the dream of humans as Freud’s interpretation of dream. Also, when one suppresses his own emotion and lust in order to protect the group, I observe his transformed personality. I regard it as a type of violence, and I wish to explore the pathologic figures which Murakami has formed since his debut, by looking at the female called Shiro, who demonstrates how the denial of emotions of an individual leads to the domain of death, replacing the role played by pathologic phenomena.

本論文では日本を代表する作家、村上春樹の作品である『色彩を持たない多崎つくると、彼の巡礼の年(2013)』の分析を通じて人間の精神と夢の相関関係を考察する。この作品は主人公である多崎つくるという男性が高校時節の四人の友だちから排除され、経験して生じた精神の問題を乗り越えるために三十六歳になって再び友だちに会って自分が知らなかった関係の真偽を知って回復する物語である。自分が所属した集團から排除された後、彼が見た性夢とフロイトの精神分析を連動して作品を観察したい。人間の精神にとって夢はなんなのか。その夢が表象することが人間にどんな意味があるのかを探求する。夢の世界と現実世界のつながりを探しながら現実の問題を理解し、人間の夢が象徵する意味をフロイトの夢の解釈として接近したい。また、集團を守るために個人の感情と性欲を抑壓する時、変形する人間の人格を観察する。論者はそれを一種の暴力で規定し、一人の人間が持つべき感情を外部が抑壓するとき、それが病理的現象に変ってまた、死の領域までに導く例をシロという女を通じて確認する。最終的に作家がデビューをした以来、ずっと造形した病理的人物だちとこの作品の登場する病理的人物を比較しながら春樹が人間の精神問題に関して誠実に書いてきた作家であることあきらかにする。

1. 머리말

2. 『색채가 없는』의 자폐적 성향의 인물조형

3. 리스트의 『순례의 길』이 표상하는 정신세계

4. 미도리카와가 표상하는 죽음의 원형

5. 꿈이 표상하는 무의식의 세계

6. 조화를 가장한 집단의 억압, 폭력성

7. 맺음말

참고문헌

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