상세검색
최근 검색어 전체 삭제
다국어입력
즐겨찾기0
몽골학 제70호.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

МОНГОЛЧУУДЫН ЦАГ УЛИРЛЫН “ЕСӨН ЕСИЙН ТООЛОЛ”-ЫН ТУХАЙ

Since ancient times, Mongolian herders calculated the weather risk by observing the constellations, saving their animals and managing their migrations. For example, observing the state of the moon, especially the new moon in the first month of spring, the moon in the sky and the appearance of 6 constellations in the sky would determine the weather of the coming season. The arrival of cold weather was marked by the appearance of the constellation Pleiades. When it disappeared from the sky, the warm season officially began. In doing so, they governed their lives by observing the climatic conditions of the seasons repeated each year. One such observation is the method of calculating the winter season by dividing it into 9 days by 81 days. According to Mongolian astrology, the winter season, Yusun yus, has 81 days. This is called the Counting of Nines. In other words, Mongolians count off this 81 days 9 times for nine days, and after that they meet spring. That is, from the date of the winter solstice, or from December 22, every nine days counts as "one" nine. For example, from December 22 to December 31 is the first "nine." Basically, this is a way of determining the coldness of winter. On the winter solstice and is divided into three parts-nyalh gurav, idar gurav, hogshin gurav, which correspond to the main periods of human life-baby, young and old, each of which is divided into another three parts and denotes-three infants, three young and three old people. Therefore, it is possible to determine that each also corresponds to a certain period of human life. And each such period has its own expressions in oral poetry. These oral poetic expressions, which are easy for anyone to remember, express the intensity and waning cold in harmony with changes in nature, climate, and human life. For example, In the first nine, nermel archi-Mongolian milk vodka will be frozen. In the second nine, chorz archi-Mongolian milk vodka with a higher degree will be frozen. In the third nine-horns of a three-year-old bull will be frozen and broken. In the fourth nine-the horns of a 4-year-old bull will be frozen and broken. In the fifth nine-boiled rice will not be frozen, that is, spring is near. In the sixth nine-clear roads appear, meaning snow is melting. In the seventh nine-the tops of the hills are thawing. In the eighth nine-"nyal shal bolno"-"thawing" occurs. In the ninth nine-the usual warmth comes. "Yusun yus" (nine) have many variations, and the traditional form to some extent reflects local and ethnic characteristics. But in the new time poems, composed with fun and humor, are not only a sample of modern folklore, but also a reflection of the direction of social criticism. The article also examined and compared the calendar divisions of the 24 minor seasons of Korea and the Mongols. For example, Koreans already had a seasonal agricultural calendar during the Three Kingdoms period where the year was divided not only into four seasons but also into 24 seasons (isbsa cholgi). This number of seasons was based on observing the position of the Sun on the ecliptic. It is interesting that some names of small seasons coincide in Mongols and Koreans such as white dew and frost fall from the beginning of September (khanno, sangangan), frost come-small and big cold (sohan, tehan), and also winter characteristics such as winter solstice (December 22), a weak cold snap (January 6) and a strong cold snap (January 21). Such agricultural seasonal calendars of the four-seasonal countries of Asia, each with its own unique account. And the Mongols had a yearly (lunar) small seasons calendar associated with the seasons of the economic year of the nomadic cattleman. The origins of the agricultural calendar of Koreans and Mongols go back to antiquity.

1. Удиртгал

2. Судалгааны хэсэг

로딩중