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KCI등재 학술저널

小河沿文化和周邻文化的葬俗及相关社会现象的比较研究

小河沿文化与雪山一期文化、南宝力皋吐类型作为三支相邻分布的新石器时代考古学文化, 年代相近, 陶器特征相似, 发掘遗迹都以墓葬为主。本文即在梳理墓葬材料的基础上, 对小河沿 文化与这两支周邻文化进行了葬俗及相关社会现象的横向比较。经过比较, 我们发现小河沿文化 与南宝力皋吐类型墓葬之间的共性表现于抽象的精神内涵方面, 而与雪山一期文化之间主要体现 在考古发掘所见的表象的物质存在上。这两方面的共性分别与渔猎生业方式特用的崇拜观念传 统和精神文化底力 、文化互动传播与人群流动迁徙有关。

The Xiaoheyan Culture, the Xueshan Phase I Culture and the Nanbaoligaotu Type, as three adjacently distributed Neolithic archaeological cultures, share similar ages and pottery characteristics, with excavated relics focusing on tombs. Based on the collation of the burial materials, this paper makes a transverse comparison of the burial customs and related social phenomena between the Xiaoheyan Culture and the two surrounding cultures. Through comparison, we find that the commonness between the Xiaoheyan Culture and the Nanbaoligaotu Type tombs is reflected in the abstract spiritual connotation, while the commonness between the Xiaoheyan Culture and the Xueshan Phase I Culture is mainly reflected in the material existence of the appearance seen in archaeological excavation. The commonness in these two aspects is related to the worship concept tradition and spiritual and cultural strength of the special way of fishing and hunting, the interactive dissemination of culture and the movement and migration of people.

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