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한일민족문제연구 제43집.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

인천시 부평 외국군 ‘兵站基地’의 성립과 해체, 그리고 현재적 의미

仁川広域市富平区には長い間日本軍と米軍が駐屯してきた。日本軍と米軍の富平における駐屯時期と目的は各々異なったものの、両方とも富平を兵站にしたことは共通している。これは富平の持つ地政学的な位地によるものであった。2019年、米軍がキャンプマーケットを返還することにより、もう富平には外国軍がいなくなった。外国軍駐屯の歴史が幕を閉じた今、我々には残された遺産をどう活用すべきかという課題が迫ってくる。 富平に外国軍が駐屯することになったのは、1939年日本軍が仁川陸軍造兵厰設置に取り掛かったからのことである。日本は日中戦争が長期化すると、帝国主義の侵略戦争を続けるために朝鮮半島を兵站基地と化した。日本が戦場をアジア·太平洋に拡大するや、富平の重要性はさらに増していった。富平は米軍の本土決戦に備えた最後決戦の地にも含まれた。注目に値するのは、日本が富平を中心に朝鮮半島を兵站基地と化したことによって、朝鮮社会をも戦争の禍のなかに巻き込んだだけでなく、戦争の「加害の責任」と「被害の惨禍」を朝鮮に転化しようとしたことである。 解放後、米軍は富平にアスコム·シティ(米軍需支援司令部)を設置し米軍の兵站とした。そこはまた長い間異なる戦争を準備する空間であった。その間、アスコム·シティも解体し、キャンプマーケットのみになったが、これも2019年に韓国に返還された。キャンプマーケットの返還で以って外国軍の歴史も終わった。今後、その活用については歴史的な視角にたって考えるべきであろう。

Japanese and U.S. troops have long been stationed in Bupyeong-gu, Incheon. The Japanese and U.S. forces had a different time and purpose when they were stationed in Bupyeong, but they all used Bupyeong as a Munitions base. This was according to the geopolitical position of Bupyeong. With the official return of the U.S. Army's Camp Market to Korea in 2019, there are no more foreign troops in Bupyeong. Bupyeong's history of foreign military presence ends, and now the task of how we can utilize the legacy left by them remains. It was after the establishment of the Inchon Army Arsenal in 1939 that foreign troops were stationed in Bupyeong in earnest. As the Second Sino-Japanese War was prolonged, Japan tried to continue the imperialist invasion war by building a Munitions base on the Korean Peninsula. Since then, as Japan expanded its battlefield to Southeast Asia and the Pacific Ocean, Bupyeong's importance has grown even more. In the end, Bupyeong became a place to prepare for the final showdown against U.S. military attacks. It is noteworthy that the Japanese military tried to pass on the “responsibility for harm” and “damage” by building the Munitions base in Bupyeong and mobilizing Koreans. After liberation, the U.S. military built Ascom City in Bupyeong and gave it the role of a U.S. Munitions base in Korea. And for a long time it became a place to prepare for another form of war. As time passed, Ascom City, which had been vast, gradually decreased, and eventually, only the Camp Market remained in existence, but was returned to Korea in 2019. The return of the Camp Market means the end of Bupyeong's history of foreign military presence. In the future, we should consider using this place from a historical perspective.

Ⅰ. 머리말

Ⅱ. 일제의 한반도 병참기지화와 육군조병창 설치

Ⅲ. 아시아태평양전쟁 종전에 따른 조병창의 변화와 미군 진주

Ⅳ. 부평지역 외국군 병참기지의 귀결과 그 의미

Ⅴ. 맺음말

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