The rare case of 46,XX testicular disorder of sex development carrying a heterozygous p.Arg92Trp variant in NR5A1
- Lia Kim Hwa Young Kim Jung Min Ko
- 제19권 제2호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 115 - 119 (5 pages)
The 46,XX testicular disorder of sex development (DSD) is a rare condition in which 46,XX individuals develop testicular dif-ferentiation and virilization. Translocation of the sex-determining region Y (SRY ) onto the X chromosome is the main cause of 46,XX testicular DSD, whereas dysregulation between pro-testis and pro-ovarian genes can induce SRY-negative 46,XX testicular DSD. Nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 (NR5A1), a nuclear receptor transcription factor, plays an essential role in gonadal development in XY and XX embryos. Herein, we report the first Korean case of SRY-negative 46,XX testicular DSD with a heterozygous NR5A1 p.Arg92Trp variant. The patient presented with a small penis, bifid scrotum, and bilateral undescended testes. Whole exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense variant (c.274C>T) of NR5A1. Our case highlights that NR5A1 gene variants need to be considered important causative factors of SRY-negative non-syndromic 46,XX testicular DSD.