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Journal of International Culture Vol.15 No.2.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

秦簡文字에 나타난 異體字 考察

In Shuihudi QinJian(睡虎地秦簡), large amounts of documents on loan characters have been preserved, which is an important proof of the study of ancient pronunciation. And it was written as transitional writing style between seal scripts(篆书) and official scripts(隷书), therefore, it has filled up a blank in the development of Chinese characters, allowing all to know about how it looks like and it also has been known that Official Scripts got its initial form, as a matter of fact, from Qin Dynasty and in the meantime, some mistaken concepts concerning Qin official scripts have been corrected, which is of great significance in the history of Chinese literature. However, the relationship between sound and meaning is reflected in characters of same source; whereas the relationship between shape and meaning is reflected in the variant characters(異體字) reflect the relationship among shape, sound and meaning. Large number of Qin simplified characters, the shape of which is different from Xiao Zhuan(小篆) but the same shape with 籒文, 古文(ancient characters), still retain lots of shape and meaning of ancient characters, therefore, there is proof that Li Shu(隸書) has not been derived from Xiao Zhuan(小篆), however, they got derivatives from ancient characters originated no later than Xiao Zhuan, and both the ancient shape and meaning for Chinese characters was passed down by means of Shuihudi Qinjian(睡虎地秦簡) that help with the explanation and reading(校读) of ancient characters and also ancient books, which sufficiently demonstrates that without the study of the characters of QinJian characters in Shuihudi, there is no way to understand the relationship among the form, sound and meaning. Strictly speaking, directly comparing Shuo Wen(说文) with Yin Zhou characters could be a jumping study, thus, the conclusion would be imperpect. As has been mentioned above, Shuihudi QinJian(睡虎地秦簡) has maintained plenty of documents of 異體字 which is an important evidence for the study of ancient sounds. lt is becauce 異體字 has been written by means of transitional style of writing between 篆隶, it has filled up an important blank during the process of Chinese characters, making it known that what it looked like and 隸書, as a matter of fact, had its initial formation in time of Warring Period. In addition, some previous wrong concepts have been corrected which is of significance in the history of Chinese literature.

Ⅰ. 서론

Ⅱ. 異體字의 형성 원인

Ⅲ. 異體字 辨析

Ⅳ. 秦簡 異體字의 例擧와 분석

Ⅴ. 결론

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