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KCI등재 학술저널

민사소송상 과학기술 전문가의 증언 활용에 관한 연구

미국 판례의 분석과 우리 법에의 수용을 중심으로

Science and law make a big difference in the ultimate goals they pursue. While scientific knowledge seeks a more sophisticated understanding of nature, legal frameworks exist to defend justice, protect the socially disadvantaged, and create a fairer society. These fundamental differences in goals force science and law to have different ethical standards and methodologies. As science and law exist on different levels, scientific evidence must go through a certain process of ‘acceptance’ in order to use it in court. What does the expert's testimony mean in a lawsuit in the specialized field of science and technology? This requires standards for legal acceptance because the decision of a judge who is a layman in the field of science and technology is likely to easily determine the opinions of experts, which can have a decisive impact on the winning or losing of the lawsuit. In the United States, in relation to the standard of acceptance of expert testimony in court, the ‘Frye’(1923), the ‘Dauber’ ruling (1993), the ‘Joiner’ ruling(1997) and the ‘Keumho Tire Ltd' ruling (1999). The Federal Rule of Evidence also sets out the criteria. If the court establishes a standard for the recognition of expert testimony related to scientific evidence in the field of science and technology, it will greatly help the court determine the facts. In this regard, in the absence of research, the previous standards presented in this study could be a major yardstick for the acceptance of expert testimony on scientific evidence in future civil proceedings. Based on this need, this study aims to present criteria for acceptance in civil litigation through analysis of relevant laws and precedents, focusing on acceptance of expert testimony in the field of science and technology and to what extent its legal limitations are.

Ⅰ. 들어가며

Ⅱ. 과학적 증거의 법적 수용의 문제 – 과학적

증거의 증명 내지 법적 수용

Ⅲ. 미국 연방증거규칙 및 판례에서의 과학적

증거의 수용을 위한 법적 기준의 변화

Ⅳ. 과학적 증거의 법적 수용을 위한 우리 민

사소송에서의 법적 기준의 설정과 관련하

여 - 전문가 증언을 중심으로

Ⅴ. 맺으며

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