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中國學 第81輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

沈從文 습작기 소설 여성형상 연구

沈從文의 습작기 소설 속 여성형상은 작품의 지역적 배경과 인물의 결혼 여부에 따라 서로 다른 특징을 지니고 있다. 北京을 배경으로 한 작품 속 여성은 대부분 작가의 성적 욕구와 밀접한 관련이 있다. 기혼여성의 경우, 모두가 성에 자유롭고 적극적인데, 이는 작가의 성적 욕구를 투사한 결과로 보인다. 미혼여성의 경우, 작가가 감히 근접하지 못할 아름다움의 화신으로서 등장하고 있다. 이는 작가가 젊고 아름다운 여성을 학예의 여신 뮤즈로 승화한 것으로 추측할 수 있다. 湘西를 배경으로 한 작품 속 여성은 작가의 성적 욕구를 초월한 존재로 그려지고 있다. 기혼여성은 자애로운 어머니, 현명한 주부, 사랑스러운 부인의 모습으로 그려지고 있는데, 이는 도시 생활에 지친 작가가 행복한 추억의 공간으로 심리적 퇴행을 하고 있음을 보여준다. 미혼여성은 湘西의 자연과 결합하여 정체를 알 수 없는 신비한 존재로 그려지고 있는데, 이는 湘西라는 신화적 상상의 공간에서 작가가 내면의 아니마를 적극적으로 탐색하게 되었음을 보여준다.

A total of 67 short stories were written during Shen Cong-wen’s creative practice period. In about 43 of the 67 works, the author’s view of women is clearly revealed. In addition, the female figures in the short stories during the creative practice period have different characteristics depending on the regional background of the work and whether or not the character is married. To summarize, this is as follows. Most of the women in the works set in Beijing are closely related to the artist’s sexual desire. In the case of married women, all are free and active in sex. This seems to be the result of projecting the artist’s sexual desire. In the case of unmarried women, they appear as the incarnation of beauty that the artist would not dare to approach. This leads us to guess that young and beautiful women were the driving force behind his passion for life. The woman in the work set in Xiangxi provides psychological stability to the writer and, on the other hand, arouses the passion for literary creation. A married woman guides the artist to a space of happy memories as a benevolent mother, a wise housewife, and a lovely wife. The unmarried woman allows the artist to explore the inner anima in the mythological imaginary space by combining with the auspicious nature. Most of the women who appear in the short stories during Shen Cong-wen’s writing practice period remain as objects of observation by the narrator. Therefore, there are many shortcomings in both the role in the work and the artistic form. So far, it has not received much attention in the study of female figures in Shen Cong-wen’s novels. However, it should be emphasized that the short story creation during the author’s creative practice period is similar to the writing psychotherapy process. In other words, the female figure of this period relied on the artist’s experience and memory on a purely personal level, and sometimes truthfully revealed the deep desire and imagination, so it has the prototype of the female figure leading to the heyday of creation in the future. These characteristics can be the first starting point to deeply understand the female image in Shen Cong-wen’s novels.

1. 들어가며

2. 치유의 글쓰기와 여성형상

3. 北京 여성

4. 湘西 여성

5. 맺으며

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