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KCI등재 학술저널

조선 후기 창원지역 퇴계 학맥의 흐름

이 논문은 조선 후기 창원지역 退溪學脈의 대략적인 흐름을 살펴 본 것이다. 17세기 전반까지 창원지역은 영남 士林派 및 南冥學脈의 주요 인사와 통혼권을 형성하며 학문적 기반을 구축하였지만, 지역의 학풍을 영도할 만한 저명한 학자는 배출되지 않았다. 그런 가운데 인조반정으로 북인이 정치적으로몰락하고 南冥 曺植에서 이어지는 학맥마저 와해되면서 창원 사림은 정치적· 학문적 구심점을 잃고 말았다. 대신 17세기부터 鄭逑·許穆을 매개로 지역 내퇴계학맥을 부식하려는 일련의 움직임이 나타난다. 18세기에 이르러서는 朴 身潤·金尙鼎 등이 안동권에서 퇴계학맥을 주도하고 있던 李玄逸과 학문적 사승 관계를 형성하였다. 19세기에는 金萬鉉·金琦浩 등이 김해부사로 부임한許傳과의 사승 관계를 통해 창원지역에 퇴계학맥을 확산시켜 나갔다. 즉, 창원지역은 18~19세기에 이르러서야 퇴계학맥을 중심으로 하는 주류 학풍이 등장하였다. 서원 설립, 문집 간행 등과 같은 학문 활동 역시 이 무렵부터 나타나기 시작하다. 이처럼 조선 후기 창원지역의 학풍은 퇴계학맥의 다양한 지역적 전승 양상을 보여주는 사례가 된다.

The Confucian scholars in the Changwon area during the Joseon Era comprised the key personnel from the Youngnam's scholastic(嶺南學派) and Nammyeong's scholastic(南冥學派) as well as the Tonghongwon(通婚 圈, district to select spouse) and structured its academic foundation. However, there has been certain difficulties to clarify the genealogy with the teaching-succession relationship with key personnel not so clear or it was confirmed during the current time period. After the Injobanjeong(仁祖反正), Nammyeong's scholastic collapsed and intellectuals in Changwon displayed the tendency of merged into Toegye's scholastic with Jeong Gooo(鄭逑) and Heo Mo(許穆)k leading the way. In particular, With the establishment of Hoewon Seowon(檜原書 院) where Jeong Go and Heo Mok were served for rituals, the Toegye's scholastic succeeded in academic aspect while the position of Namin(南 人) was clarified in political aspect. Thereafter, with the expansion of foundation for neo-Confucianism and effort of people in Chang won, a g roup of scholars, such as, Park Sin-yun, Kim Sang-jeong and others was encouraged for academic advancement at the end of the 17th century. Park Sin-yun and Kim Sang-jeong were scholars of Lee Hyun-il and Lee Seung-il brothers who were the intellectuals that linked Toegye School of the Andong area to the Chang won area. In particular, Kim Sang -jeong led the personal petition movement for Lee Hyun-il and Heo Mok tendency of Hoewon Seowon and so forth. Such attributes had important influence in establishing the academic and political identity in the Changwon area during the later Joseon Era. For intellectuals that represented Changwon in the late 19th century, there were Kim Gi-ho, Kim Man-hyun and others. They broadened the foundation of Confucian scholarship in Changwon through the teachings in the reg ion as the pupils of Heo Jeon. Especially, Kim Gi-ho formed Yocheonsisa to facilitate it as the place of exchange for the nearby Heo Jeon scholars and Changwon Confucian scholars. Furthermore, they educated the ensuing generation in Sosanjae, Yukyoungjae, Hyanggyo and others and they produced significant number of modern Confucian intellectuals.

Ⅰ. 머리말

Ⅱ. 16~17세기 창원지역 학풍과 퇴계학맥 연접

Ⅲ. 18~19세기 퇴계학맥의 착근과 발전

Ⅳ. 맺음말

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