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KCI등재 학술저널

Iranian Proxy Interventions and Instability in the Middle East: a Case study of Yemen

Iranian Proxy Interventions and Instability in the Middle East: a Case study of Yemen

Iran’s foreign policy and regional ambitions sparked countless debates among supporters and opponents of the reviving of the nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), with the US and the West after the inauguration of Joe Biden’s administration. One of the most prominent points of contention was that lifting sanctions would allow Iran to boost its military power to aid terrorists all over the Middle East to pursue its strategic aspirations. The situation becomes problematic when it comes to combat battles that do not match the parameters of conventional war. Various labels have been generated during the previous few decades to characterize Iran's interventions. This paper aims to demonstrate how Iran has utilized and continues to use irregular war techniques effectively in Middle Eastern countries such as Yemen, one of the current battlegrounds with obvious Iranian involvement, though it is not always publicly acknowledged. This article used a structured, focused comparison method to evaluate why and with what means, Iran conducts proxy interventions in Yemen. The study's major point is that Iran's proxy interventions had undermined Middle East security, as all the countries in the region faced security challenges since the success of the Islamic Revolution. The majority of the data was gathered from secondary sources such as books, journal articles, newspapers, and reports. This paper will add to the academic literature and benefit the political decision-makers to assess the impact of Iranian proxy involvement on the overall security and stability situation in the region.

1. Introduction

2. Methodology

3. Iran’s Proxy Involvement in Yemen

4. Conclusion

References

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