This study focuses on the usage of poetic diction ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ in the plum blossom poems of the Song Dynasty of China. To this, the transform usage phenomenon of the related poetic diction ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ in the Song Dynasty of China’s plum blossom poems is investigated according to the ≪Quan Song Poems≫. With the rise of plum blossom’s aesthetic activities and the demand of artistic expression, the allusions on plum blossom become the material of the plum blossom poetry, and these allusions go towards deeper meaning and bigger impacts. The ‘Plum Blossom Fu’ was written by Song Jing who was a famous prime-minister in Tang Dynasty, which becomes a hot topic from ancient times to the present. Especially, when Pi Rixiu mentioned that the Song Jing with ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ was not suitable for reciting the morbidezza ‘Plum Blossom Fu’, which received more attention. The poetic diction ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ mentioned here does not refer to the body parts of Song Jing, but artistically refer to the character of Song Jing. Based on the statistics of the table that I counted, the usage of the ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ has three characteristics. Firstly, the poetic diction is used in various ways, such as ‘Tie Shi Xin Chang’, ‘Tie Xin Ren’, ‘Xin Ru Tie’, ‘Shi Xin Ren’, ‘Tie Shi Guang Pin Xin’, and so on. Secondly, the classical poems and seven-syllable poems have the most forms. Thirdly, the reply poems are the most amounts. Finally, most of these poems related to plum blossom poems appeared in the Southern Song Dynasty. Because the late Northern Song Dynasty was chaotic and the Southern Song Dynasty was a time of turbulence, many poets had the numb attitude to the countries. Therefore, the intellectuals separated from the chaotic social, taking the nature as friend, expressing the solitary personality and moral integrity and patriotism through the natural plum blossom. Then, the transform usage phenomenon of the ‘Tie Chang Shi Xin’ related poetic diction is investigated according to the ≪Quan Song Poems≫. Three categories are studied, which includes self-respect and praising other’s personality and revealing political ambition. Because of the chaotic politics and separating from the social, the image of the poets who reacquainted with the society and had the self-visualization through the plum blossom has become apparent. Also, we can understand another kind of a state of mind from these poets. In the ‘Plum Blossom Fu’ of Song Jing, the plum is connected with Song Jing’s character, indicating his character like iron-stone. In addition, we are able to see the poem’s political stand in the chaotic politics. Since ancient times, the intellectuals have liked to write poems using plum blossom, and quite a number of poems have been passed down. The related academic research is also very active. Most studies are just investigating the whole content of plum blossom poems, however, the studies on words of plum poems are very little. The plum blossom poems with a long history have many allusions. Therefore, it is necessary to analyze the plum blossom poems based on the special poetic diction. The author hopes that it can make a little contribution to studies on plum blossom poetry in the future work.
Ⅱ. ‘鐵腸石心’의 사용례
Ⅲ. ‘鐵腸石心’의 변용 양상