The purpose of this dissertation is to study the attitude to the fairy tale of cowherd and weaver girl in Chinese and Korean modern poetry centering on obstacles and facilitators. First of all, this paper studies the attitude to the common obstacle “Milky Way” in the modern poetry of China and Korea. Obstacles mean that they hinder the development of something. Through the study, we can know that in the modern poetry of China and Korea, the “MilkyWay” is not only has the traditional meaning of blocking the love between men and women, but also has the new meanings of feudalism and class-consciousness, division and so on that obstacles to equality and love under the background of the era of China and Korea. The third chapter centers on the facilitators which try to break the barriers and studies the application of facilitators in the modern poetry of China and Korea from two aspects: Realizing the directionality of the realization of meeting and the tendency of breaking through the lonely waiting. It can be said that China and Korea's attitude to the obstacles is positive, and in a variety of ways. There are efforts to meet and fulfilling life in waiting. However, differences also exist. Most of the poems in China have romantic feelings, such as the power of the Weaver Maid and the yellow ox, and the Cowhand's flute. And the Korean poetry is more based on the reality, such as building a bridge of unity, and feeding cattle by Cowhand. And the depiction of these facilitators contains a great deal of imagination, which makes the modern poetry have a great charm that is different from the ancient legends.