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中國學 第82輯.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

疫情防控措施优化下延边居民的生活焦虑与满意度研究

以人口社会学特征为中心

本研究对中国疫情防控措施调整下延边居民的生活焦虑和现状进行了调查,并运用SPSS23.0分析了235份问卷数据。按人口社会学特征的独立样本t检验结果显示,村民的收入保障和物资保障焦虑明显高于市民;高龄人群的药品保障焦虑明显高于低龄人群;低学历人群的收入保障焦虑明显高于高学历群体;低收入群体的经济保障、医疗保障、药品保障的焦虑分数明显高于对照人群;性别差异在所有变量不明显。高收入群体、高龄群体的生活满意度明显高于对照群体。还有,经济收入、医疗保障、疫情危害认知显著影响延边居民生活满意度。因此,延边各级部门应针对不同人群提供针对性服务,并通过促进经济发展、强化医疗救治能力、减少疫情危害等措施提高延边城乡居民的生活质量。

This study investigated the life anxiety and current situation of Yanbian residents under the adjustment of China’s epidemic prevention and control measures, and analyzed 235 questionnaire data with SPSS23.0. The results of independent T-test based on demographic sociological characteristics show that residents' anxiety in villages about income security and living goods security is signific-antly higher than that of residents in cities; The drug security anxiety of the elderly was significantly higher than that of the young; The income security anxiety of the people with low educational level is significantly higher than that of the people with high educational level; The anxiety scores of economic income security, medical security and drug security of low-income groups were significantly higher than those of the control group; The gender difference is not obvious in all variables. The life satisfaction of the high-income group and the elderly group was significantly higher than that of the control group. In addition, economic income level, medical security and epidemic hazards significantly affect the life satisfaction of Yanbian residents. Therefore, all levels departme nts in Yanbian should provide targeted services for different groups of people, and improve the residents’ quality of life in Yanbian by implementing measures including promoting economic development, strengthening medical treatment capacity, and reducing epidemic hazards.

1. 引言

2. 文献回顾和研究问题

3. 研究方法

4. 研究结果

5. 结论

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