Chinese calligraphy is developing fast as various schools have been formed. This thesis refers to the way Chinese calligraphy schools were formed, to the origin of them and to the features of respective school. First, the cause by which Chinese calligraphy schools were formed is as follows. One was the absence of apprenticeship because China concentrated on building socialism, ignoring the development of Chinese calligraphy. The other was to establish characteristic calligraphy world because Chinese calligraphy institute was founded early in 1980s and new power group of calligraphy emerged. Chinese calligraphy schools have consisted of Classicism , Neo-Classicism, Fashion style, Modernism, Post-Modernism, Academism because of above mentioned things. These schools of characteristics are as follows. First, Classicism tries to succeed to tradition rather than up to date trend. Though it have limits of persisting traditional calligraphy, it can be thought much of in the aspect of connecting modern times with the past. Second, Neo-Classicism reflects on contemporary needs and tides, at the same time, based on succeeding to tradition. Third, Fashion style is a kind of Neo-Classicism but the school having strong and unique characteristics in regard to emphasizing individuals. Fourth, Modernism has avant-garde tendency. It seeks to enlarge visual and time-space representative effect. Fifth, Post-Modernism is originated from reflection on Modernism' extreme attempt. It is the school formed by mixing Classicism, Neo-Classicism and external trend of literature. Sixth, Academism is new calligraphy school, accepting merits of Classicism, Neo-Classicism and Modernism all over, futhermore, studying with ideological concepts. Above mentioned, prevalence of schools formed with similar philosophy and concept means that Chinese calligraphy goes to the way of prosperity out of hesitating on the dividing line between success and failure.
Ⅱ. 중국서예 유파 형성 진행 원인
Ⅲ. 현 중국서예 유파 동향