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중독정신의학 Vol.27, No.1.jpg
KCI등재 학술저널

청소년의 주관적 사회경제적 지위와 학업 요인이 스마트폰 과의존에 미치는 영향

경기도 G시 청소년을 중심으로

Objectives: To investigate dual mediating effects of academic performance and academic stress on the relationship between subjective socioeconomic status and smartphone addiction among Korean adolescents. Methods: This study used data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in G City, Korea. The sample included 1593 adolescents aged between 12 and 17 years. To examine mediating effects of academic performance and academic stress on the relationship between subjective socioeconomic status and smartphone addiction, a serial-multiple mediation model (model 6) was conducted using PROCESS macro in SPSS 26.0. Results: There were significant correlations between main variables. Subjective socioeconomic status was negatively correlated with smartphone addiction and academic stress. Direct effect of adolescents’ subjective socioeconomic status on smartphone addiction was statistically significant. Both academic performance and academic stress had dual mediating effects on the relationship between subjective socioeconomic status and smartphone addiction. Conclusion: This study showed that subjective socioeconomic status and academic factors could significantly affect smartphone addiction among adolescents. Implications of this study include the need for intervention strategies that focus on socioeconomic gap and academic environment to reduce smartphone addiction among youths.

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